Norway, in contrast has a relatively low rate with regards to traffic deaths. The same applies to the Netherlands, Switzerland, Singapore, Japan, Malta and San Marino.
Countries which have the highest number of traffic deaths per 100 000 inhabitants are Eritrea, Egypt, Libya, Afghanistan, Iraq, Niger, Angola, United Arab Emirates and Gambia.
Over 90% of traffic deaths occur in countries with low or middle income levels. This means that the most dangerous roads are outside of Europe.
One exception is Lithuania, which is known for its dangerous roads. Here the death rate lies at 22.4 per 100 000 inhabitants. By comparison, Norway has a death rate for traffic fatalities of 5.0 per 100 000 inhabitants.
Other popular holiday countries in Europe have the following death rate per 100 000 inhabitants:
The world Health Organisation has published official statistics of Europe’s 10 most dangerous:
Lithuania 22.4 killed per 100,000 inhabitants
(Source: Global Status report on road Safety, WHO)
In some countries it is the road standard which is the most dangerous, in other countries it is the driving culture or amount of traffic.
The world’s 23 most dangerous stretches of road
Below is an overview of specific road stretches which are heavily impacted with regards to traffic accidents:
Bolivia: The old Yungus road (Yunga road), an 80km long mountain road which connects Coroica with La Paz.
Brazil: Interstate 116, a busy road with potholes, bad signage and a lot of traffic.
China: Sichuan – Tibet, the road stretch between Chengdu and Tibet is often hit by landslides and avalanches.
Costa Rica: Pan American Highway, the stretch between San Isidro de El General to Cartago is called the “death road”, as it is full of holes and sharp bends.
Ecuador: Cotopaxi Volcano road – a 40 km long dirt road which crosses a river at the entrance to Cotopaxi National park.
Egypt: Luxor-al-Ghurdaqah, this road to the Red Sea is known for its notorious accidents at night, especially as Egyptians drive without headlights.
England: A44 – the stretch of road between Leominster and Worcester is especially well known for its many frontal collisions.
Greece: Patiopoulo – Perdikaki, a steep gravel road without road markings. Located in the Agrafa region.
India: Grand Trunk Road, a stretch of road which is India’s busiest. Many large trucks use this stretch of road, also ox carts, animals, cyclists and pedestrians which makes this road very confusing.
Kenya: The stretch of road from Nairobi – Nakuro – Eldoret is especially affected by traffic accidents. Each year more than 300 people die here in car accidents. This is mostly due to dangerous overtaking, too high speed or drunk driving.
Croatia: The coastal road (the road along the Adriatic sea) is narrow, winding and busy. There are also many areas here where there is a lack of safety barriers and hard shoulders.
Morocco: Marrakesh – Agadir, the stretch of road with heavy traffic, buses and taxies which overtake on steep, tight bends.
Mexico: Highway 1, a winding, narrow and heavily potholed road from Tijuana to Cabo San Lucas which lacks safety barriers, hard shoulders and signage.
Namibia: Swakopmund – Walvis Bay, heavy traffic and many frontal collisions when drivers misjudge the distance between the cars.
Nepal: Prithvi Highway, a very busy road, where in the rainy season one may experience landslides or that the road collapses.
Nigeria: Lagos – Ibadan – Ogbomosho – Ilorin – Jebba – Minna – Abiyo, a very busy road with deep potholes which means that drivers must often drive on the wrong side to avoid them.
Pakistan: N-35 (Karakoram Highway), mountain road in North Pakistan which is often blocked by landslides, flooding and mud.
Peru: Kuelap – Celendin – Cajamarca, narrow gravel road in the mountains with cliffs and hairpin bends.
Portugal: IP3, steep and badly maintained road without a central reservation.
Scotland: A77, a winding road which lies South East in the country where there is often fatal traffic accidents.
Spain: Carretera Nacional N340 – a narrow road along the Costa del Sol where drunk drivers and British tourists (who are not used to driving on the right hand side) often collide.
South-Africa: N3, the road between Warden in Free State Province and Van Reenen’s Pass in KwaZulu-Natal is the location for many accidents due to fog, rain, wind and narrow roads.
Turkey: Bodrum – Milas – Soke, narrow coastal road without safety barriers in many stretches which is particularly dangerous when the road surfaces are wet.